Coat of arms of Draguignan
Weapons of Draguignan thus declined: Gules, the silver dragon. Argent, a dragon Vert: Alios Nutrio, meos devoro. (I cherish others, I devoured mine)
Department of Var-Pop.: 34.814 h - Superficie : 5.375 ha - Alt. : 175m
The heritage of the city
Draguignan is the former prefecture of the Var, administrative and military center, the average villa quickly grew to the status of tourism and cultural city with its famous Theatre organizing numerous events throughout the year. A policy for several years by the municipality initiated a renovation of the old city to showcase its historical heritage.
A little history
The village is mentioned for the first time around the year 1000 under the Dragonianum appellation.There are three explanations for the name of the place: classic allegory in the history of Christendom, the first interpretation comes from the legend that the bishop of Antibe, Hermantaire have fought in 400 a winged dragon and would have floored. Draco therefore means that defeated Dragon Guinum and relates to people. The second interpretation is it of Father Boyer, who argues that it is at the time Rommaine the name of Draguignan was born, with its Latin form of Draguinianum, suffixes terminated anum often denoting a rural area Gallo Roman, whose appellation comes from the name of the owner followed the termination anum. The linguist Dauzat Rostaing and restore these two interpretations, based on an ancient form Drogoniano appeared around 1000 indicating that this name comes from a Latin man Draconius, nickname of Draco, the dragon, followed by anum suffix indicating the name domain. Modern linguists based on medieval Latin, they propose with caution Dragana term, the near behalf of Ligurian people, stressing that Drac means the torrential river Ligure, old Indo-European language, which means practicable ford on the River ...
Around 2500 BC, the environment is mainly populated by small farmers and herders, is a neolithic civilization erecting menhirs and dolmaines as evidenced by the site near the present hospital, a place called the Stone Fairy . Around 700 BC, small aglomérations position themselves on the heights of the valley, and we also found the remains on the plain today in the neighborhood of the clock tower, indicating the presence of the Ligurian, powerful people who controlled Southern passages. The 3rd century saw the arrival of the Celts people from the north that make alliance with the Ligurian.
Roman period :
A Roman road linking Italy to Spain passing through Draguignan, through Fréjus, Ampus and Laugh, its exact route is not really determined, but probably stood at the foot of Malmont, to cross the Nartuby between Rebouillon and clappe evidenced by the ruins of a small Roman bridge. Draguignan was never a Roman city, at most a group of wealthy villas in the area of St Hermantaire and some modestesfermes settlers and former legionnaires cultivating vines and olive trees.
The Middle Age :
From 950 years the ancient lands of the Saracens are administered by the Count of Provence, the city emerging from a long period of insecurity, and the village was fortified. Around 1000, a seignerie is based, and the city is part of the kingdom temporarily Provence until its attachment to the Empire in 1032. The legend of the Dragon slain by St Hermantaire is probably created at that time the Dragon represents the pagan, the stranger, the Sarrazin ... from 970 to 1245 there has been a sharp increase of the population under the protection of the counts of Provence, officers move to the city, marking a period of growth and prosperity. In the 12th century the Catalans counts are needed in a divided county of Provence, and early 13th century they become seigeurs Draguignans. A large walled enclosure is built around the city, with two main gates, the city became really shopping, and many convents are costruits. County Provence transferred his powers to the younger branch of the Capetians, of Charles of Anjou, brother of St. Louis. Economic vigeur of this dynasty stimulates trade in the city. In the 14th century the peasantry is devastated by successive famines and great insecurity reigns. In 1341 the city is attacked by marauding bands, then hit by the Black Death of 1348, in As this general context, caused the disappearance of half of the population in 40 years. Plague epidemics occur regularly, with consequent famines, economic crisis and robbery. Under the reign of Queen Jeanne, unable sovereign, the Provencaux are overwhelmed, the Duke of Savoy's troops take the Nice area, and get a treaty of surrender in 1388. A period of unrest and war moves Draguignan being close to the border area. The demographic recovery, is effected by the arrival of immigrants, the population of 3500 inhabitants in 1300, did not return to that level in 1470. The 15th century was a period of major administrative reforms, with more autonomy.
The old regime :
A period of trouble further stirred early 15th century with two successive invasions of Charles Quint. 1501 marks the creation of the Parliament of Aix en Provence, and brings the Provence in France, if the municipal deliberations are written in French, 80% of the population still speaks the Provençal, and bilingualism will spread slowly in three centuries. The 16th century gives the city the status of capital of justice, and sees the city propérer. The city is little affected by the reform, because mostly Catholic, the few Protestants are massacred in retaliation the city was sacked in 1560, conquered in 1590 by the Duke of Savoy. In the 17th century the city has 10 000 inhabitants, the height of Draguignan is reached at the end of the reign of Louis 14. The city then
suffering from the war of succession of Spain and that of Austria, it is again vistime a plague from 1720 to 1721. in the 18 th century the city hosts the summer palace of the bishops of Fréjus, and has a highly diversified economic structure, agriculture, small industries. If the ruling classes are bilingual, the majority of the people remains committed to Provencaux dialects.
What not to miss :
Museums and walking the fairy. Dolmen 1 km on the road to Comps, festive and musical Summer entertainment, fair olives, Flower Parade, Jazz Festival.
Home on the village :
Breakfast, Hotels, Vacation Rentals. Campsites.
Surrounding villages :
Flayosc (4 km), Trans en Provence (5 km), Figanières (11 km) et Châteaudouble (10 km).